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What Happens when a Timing Belt Breaks? Tempe Arizona

TimingBelt 3-04-15What happens when a timing belt breaks? Let your local mechanic, All Tune and Lube Total Car Care in Tempe clue you in.

I guess the first thing you need to know is what a timing belt is! The timing belt is a flat rubber belt with teeth or gears molded in to it that drives the cams at the top of your cylinder head. It’s not the belts you can see that drive your alternator and power steering but sits behind a cover on that same side. Not every car has a timing belt and they’re getting more uncommon as manufacturers go to the more maintenance free timing chain. If you don’t know whether you have a belt or a chain it’s easy to find out. Take a look at your owner’s manual and if there’s a recommended service for a timing belt then you have one. Duh. If you don’t have your manual you can always do a search on line or ask us. While a chain doesn’t need service very often a timing belt needs to be replaced every 60,000 to 105,000 miles. We often recommend timing belt replacement based on age as well. For example Honda says that timing belts on some engines should be replaced every 6 years regardless of mileage.

When the timing belt breaks the cams stop turning and your car comes to a complete stop. The really bad news is that on some engines there can be major damage to the engine when this belt breaks. In a case like that a new belt won’t fix the problem, you may need a complete engine. The engines that can suffer this kind of problem are known as “Interference Engines” due to the fact that the valves in the cylinder heads can meet with the piston if the belt breaks. These are two parts that are just not supposed to get together. You can Google search your car to find out if you have one of these kinds of engines.

We strongly recommend replacement of the water pump at the same time as the timing belt because in most cases the water pump is driven by the timing belt. If the water pump fails the whole job has to be done again.

OK, hope that helps. Call your Local Mechanics, All Tune and Lube Total Car Care in Tempe. Complete auto repair and maintenance.

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What is a Tune Up? Tempe Arizona

worn spark plugs 3-04-0=15What is a Tune Up?

When a customer asks for a tune up we find that they can sometimes mean something different than what we think they mean. This happened just yesterday and despite our best efforts the customer went away less happy than we like.

A normal tune up on a modern engine consists of replacing the spark plugs and ignition wires (or coil-over-plug boots), cleaning the mass air flow sensor, topping off fluids and inspecting the vehicle. When the customer in question originally called she made the perfectly reasonable request for an estimate for a tune up, accepted our estimate and made the appointment. The work was done and she came in to pick up her vehicle. It was then that we found the customer was under the impression that the tune up included replacing the timing belt and water pump, a transmission service and a cooling system service! No amount of explanation on our part was going to convince her that we shouldn’t have known what it was she wanted. This sort of confusion, thankfully, doesn’t happen often but I made a note to myself to make sure to ask a few more questions going forward in order to be sure of what it is the customer expects.

This also brings up another point. We had never seen this car before. The customer said that she usually has a friend work on her car in the driveway and calls around for the cheapest price when it’s something her friend can’t do. This is a great example of what happens when a customer doesn’t have a regular shop to keep track of work that’s been done and what items will be needed going forward. Had she been a regular customer we would have known what it was she needed and there would have been no surprises.

Oh well. Every day is a learning experience. I don’t think she’ll hold a grudge, especially once she calls around and finds out what the services she want actually cost.

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Summer Battery Care, Tempe Arizona

Why is it that people only tend to think about their car battery in the winter? The fact is summer heat can be even more damaging than winter’s cold temperatures when it comes to car batteries. And yet, few people give batteries a thought during the heat of summer. The cold hard truth is that:

  • When the mercury rises, a car battery’s strength goes down.
  • Extreme heat, like 95° F outside combined with high temperatures under the hood, accelerates corrosion of car batteries.
  • Heat causes the water to evaporate out of battery fluid, breaking down the battery grids.
  • Weak batteries can struggle on for months, turning over the engine while it’s easy to start and generate a charge. The real test comes when temperatures drop. A weakened battery has to overcome cold temperatures and a harder-to-crank engine because the cold thickened the engine’s oil. The heat’s attack lowered the battery’s starting power, meaning someone’s going to have to call for a jump-start and a replacement battery — unless you get there first.

The following tips help you keep your battery in shape throughout the hot summer months:

  • Preventive maintenance goes a long way toward prolonging the life of your battery. Take a few minutes to read about your battery in your car’s manual and become familiar with what kind of battery it is, where it is, how to safely clean it and what the indicator lights inside your car might be trying to tell you.
  • When working with your battery, always wear protective eyewear. Remove all jewelry and wear long sleeves to protect your arms from an explosion of battery acid.
  • Do a visual inspection to see if the battery case is bulging, cracked or leaking.If it is, it’s time to replace it.
  • The summer heat can speed up internal corrosion. Clean up the battery connections by removing any corrosion, lead oxidation, paint or rust from the top of the battery with a scouring pad or brass brush. Be sure to brush the corrosion away from you.
  • If your battery has removable filler caps, open the caps and check the water level in each cell.
  • Make sure the plates are covered by the fluid inside. This prevents sulfation and reduces the possibility of an internal battery explosion.
  • If the water level is low, add distilled water until the plates are covered. Don’t use tap water.
  • Avoid overfilling, especially in hot weather, because the heat can cause the solution inside to expand and overflow.
    • Have your battery and electrical system professionally tested every three to six months and especially before heading out on a trip.

      From your Local Mechanics, All Tune & Lube Total Car Care Tempe Arizona. Complete auto repair and maintenance.

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What does an ASE Certification Mean? Tempe Arizona

ase-logo-350What does an auto repair shops ASE Certification mean? Let me start off by saying that All Tune and Lube Total Car Care Tempe is an ASE Certified shop. An ASE Certified mechanic is a mechanic who has fulfilled the voluntary requirements for certification by the US National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence. Mechanics who have ASE certifications are generally viewed as better candidates for employment by companies that hire these workers, such as auto body shops, car dealers, and bus yards and of course auto repair shops like ours. Certification can also be reassuring for individual consumers who want to ensure that their vehicles receive work from competent, highly professional mechanics.

All that being said, an ASE cert doesn’t mean everything. There are plenty of very good techs who have never felt the need for outside certifications and there are plenty of ASE certified master technicians out there that really shouldn’t be working on customers vehicles.

So what does it mean to a customer? Well, the fact that a shop or a tech takes what they do seriously is a consideration. Taken with all the other information available about a shop it’s a valid point in the shops favor.

From your Local Mechanics, All Tune and Lube Total Car Care Tempe. Complete auto repair and maintenance.

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Random Car Thoughts

Check Engine Yup Still There_0Random car thoughts

Honest to goodness truth: When I started writing these articles a couple weeks ago I thought I would never run out of things to say about cars, trucks or Jeeps. Maybe I won’t, but today I find myself at a loss. So, since it’s unlikely that any of this will be read, I’m just going to put down some random thoughts about cars in general.

Jeeps are perfect just the way they are or the way their owners have modified them. Either way they’re a reflection of their owner. Jeeps also have a personality and respond to affection, like a good dog. If you don’t believe me you’re not a Jeeper.

When it’s time to repair your car you have a couple choices. Deal with it the way it is, get rid of it or fix it. If you’re going to fix it then buck up and get the repair done right. If you need economize I get it but you’ll be leaving work left undone that will cause you trouble down the road.

Why is it that so many cars on the road have turn signals that don’t work but so few of the vehicles that come in to the shop have that problem? Must be bad maintenance.

60’s muscle cars look great but if I never have to drive one again that’ll be just fine. Engines, fuel management systems, chassis and brakes have come so far.

The sixties are no longer the era of the muscle car. Right now baby you can go out and buy a 700 horsepower coupe or sedan that stops and turns as well as it goes in a straight line. And they’ll last longer too. A 70 Chevelle SS is a nice ride but you wouldn’t want to be on the same track as a new Hellcat with it.

Modern European cars are beautiful and fragile as butterfly wings.

A 10,000 mile oil change interval is nuts. Stick to 5-7,000 miles with synthetic motor oil and your car will live long and prosper.

If you want to buy a car that will maintain its value that’s exactly the same as saying you want a car that will maintain a high level of desirability. Buy a Jeep, a sports car or whatever the kids are hot-rodding today. They may not be practical but there’ll always be somebody who wants it.

Why have the auto manufacturers never built a true sequential gear box for a production car? They’ve been in motorcycles almost since day one and handle ridiculous revs and horsepower. Are they concerned that the driver couldn’t keep track of what gear they’re in? Is it that important to have neutral between every gear?

I’m not convinced that all the electronic devices that come on new cars are good ideas. I’m an old guy but all I see are future repair issues. They also provide a lot of distractions it seems to me.

Do people really want a car that drives itself?

If you read this let me know and I’ll give you a half price oil change. I’ll probably faint dead away too!

From your Local Mechanics. All Tune and Lube Total Car Care. Complete auto repair and maintenance.

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How Long Can a Car Last Tempe Arizona

Car on a calculator 3-03-15So, how long can a car last?

When I was a younger man, a vehicle that had 100,000 miles on it was probably about done. Trying to keep a car on the road with that kind of mileage in the ‘70’s and ‘80’s is what led to me learning one end of a wrench from another. Oil changes every 2000 miles, tune ups every 14,000 miles, greasing the suspension and steering, constantly replacing belts, hoses, dealing with drum brakes that never seemed to work just right and don’t even get me started on carburetors. Those 60’s cars had a look but they were a pain.

Let me tell you a little story. A few years ago my wife told me she wanted a little red sports car as a birthday/anniversary gift. I found a sweet red (The color she insisted on) 1990 Miata with 130,000 miles. Home run! She loves that little car and I like it too. My wife normally drives a Corolla in her 110 mile per day commute so I get to drive the Miata since it gets much better mileage than my Jeep. Even though I keep up on the maintenance pretty diligently I’m a little rough on cars in that I like to drive them hard. Once the car got close to the 200,000 mile mark, still running like new, I figured that pretty soon I was going to need another engine so I went out a bought one. That was 2 years and 50,000 miles ago and that Miata still runs great and the spare engine is gathering dust. My wifes’ Corolla, which we bought new in 2006, has 238,000 miles on it and is nearly perfect. When I change the oil it still comes out looking like honey. I have a customer that used a Kia Sedona for deliveries between Phoenix and Las Vegas and when he finally traded it in it had well over 500,000 miles. All this got me thinking about how long you can reasonably expect a car to last here in Tempe.

People are keeping their cars longer than ever. Here at All Tune and Lube Total Car Care in Tempe we regularly see vehicles with way over 100,000 miles and 200,000 miles plus is not even noteworthy. I read someplace that the average age of cars on the road in the U.S. was 10.8 years. My guess is that cars in the Arizona desert beat that average since we don’t have to deal with the rust that eats cars alive in the northeast. With regular maintenance and staying on top of the normal sorts of repairs a car sees a vehicle can last a very long time indeed. Some of that maintenance can get a little pricey. For example, the Sedona I mentioned went through several sets of tires, a few axle shafts and a pair of catalytic converters that set him back over $3500. But that little van still ran great, had no major leaks and used no oil when he finally got rid of it for a car that got better fuel economy.

Before I started writing this I got on line to see if there were any studies that had a handle on how long a car would last with proper maintenance and what I found was a ton of, well, crap. Plenty of anecdotes about cars going a million miles, articles saying that a transmission or a timing chain would only last about 125,000 miles and car forums where you might read anything.

Well, I guess I’m not really going to be able to add anything useful to the discussion. But my personal experience and what I’ve observed as an auto repair shop owner is that there is no reason why a modern car shouldn’t see 300,000 miles if properly cared for.

From your Local Mechanics, All Tune and Lube Total Car Care Tempe. Complete auto repair and maintenance.

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Should I Warm Up My Car in the Morning? Tempe AZ

Cold engine start 3-02-15Old dogs, new tricks. Or more accurately, the elimination of an old trick. Today I learned something new. I’ve owned a car of my own for over 40 years and nearly every day of that 40 years I’ve started my car and warmed it up for 5 minutes or so before I drove it away. Turns out that’s completely unnecessary and even a little counterproductive.

Back in the day, nearly all cars used carburetors. Very few cars were fuel injected and the cars that were used mechanical injection rather that the electronic injection we have now and relatively speaking, mechanical fuel injection stank. Driving a carbureted vehicle before it’s warmed up is a challenge. They’ll buck and snort and backfire until the engine gets close to its’ proper operating temperature then smooth out and behave themselves. Modern fuel injection eliminates that problem. The computer that controls your engine is able to adjust fuel flow to the engine so well that the old drivability issues just don’t exist. Additionally, sitting and warming your cars’ engine prolongs the time required for your catalytic converters to reach their optimal operating temperature. Plus, when your car is sitting at idle you’re getting zero miles per gallon.

You might say But! But! But! When your engine is cold all the parts haven’t yet expanded from heat yet so they’re not fitting together just as they should plus cold affects the metal in the engine and makes it brittle. OK, you have one valid point and one sort of myth. I didn’t say start the car and just mash the skinny peddle to the floor. Be a little gentle to begin with and let ‘er warm up while driving. As far as the cold causing the metal to become brittle, yeah, I suppose but we’re talking about the kind of cold that just doesn’t exist in Arizona.

So, start it up, drive it away and don’t worry about warming it up.
From your Local Mechanics, All Tune and Lube Total Car Care Tempe. Complete auto repair and maintenance.

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Buying a private party used car in Tempe Arizona

Sturmovic Rusty Ivan 2-27-15Time to pick up a new ride, freshen up the wheels, replace that hole in the road you’ve been pouring money in to. But you’re not ready to buy a new rig just now, looking for a good deal in something used. A lot of folks just hate looking for and buying used cars but some people, me for example, love it! It’s not all that tough, though it can be time consuming, and can be a bit of fun. Here’s how to go about it:
The very first thing you have to do is figure out how much you’re going to spend. There’s no use checking out all the Porches out there if you’re working with a Miata budget. For that matter you don’t have to weed through all the rolling junk piles people have for sale if you have the ability to pick up something nice. If you have cash that’s great, but if you’ll need to finance, go get that arranged before you start shopping.

What is it you really need? OK, I want a WRX but I have two kids and a wife that like to go on camping trips. A coupe probably isn’t going to fill the bill. Or maybe I’m a single guy and I want the ladies to look my way when I drive by. A mini-van would probably be counter-productive to my aims. I thought about building a monster SUV that handled like a Corvette and got 40 miles to the gallon but the project got held up in development, something about physics not permitting this combination of features so the car never went into production. Until it does, think about what you actually do with your car.

You’ve got the kind of vehicle you need pretty much nailed down but everybody builds one. Mitsubishi, Ford, Suzuki, Chevrolet, Nissan, Dodge, Toyota and some obscure outfit out in the wilds of Siberia all make a model that sounds like what you need. Now it’s time to do your homework. You can’t (At least for now) fool the internet. There are reviews and tests of every car you can think of and a ton you’ve never heard of. Check out the models you’re interested in and see what other people thought about them. You’ll find that some will be trouble from the start, others pretty much OK and some will have stellar reviews. Guess which ones will be cheapest and which more expensive! Also guess which ones you’re most likely to love over the long term.

OK, you’ve pretty much decided on a Rusty Ivan diesel SUV from Sturmovic heavy iron works #3 in the Urals. Now you need to find one that’s in good shape at the price you decided to pay. There are a lot of good sources for used cars. I use Craigs List quite a bit but there’s also Ebay Motors, AutoTrader.com and others. I suggest you stay kinda close to home since you don’t want to drive 2 hours to check out a Rusty Ivan SUV that’s listed as a diesel only to find it’s an electric hybrid with a bad battery pack. While you can never be certain about the real condition of the vehicle you can get a pretty good idea how well the owner has taken care of it. Is it clean? Is the upholstery in good shape? Missing or broken knobs, handles, mirrors, trim pieces? If everything looks as though it’s been well cared for check the vehicle history via something like CarFax. That will at least let you know if it’s been in any major accidents, though you have to feel sorry for anyone who was unfortunate enough to have a collision with a Rusty Ivan SUV. Beware! Not all repair shops report to CarFax.

So far, it all checks out. Take it in to an independent shop to have it inspected. I’d suggest All Tune and Lube Total Car Care in Tempe due to their high degree of professionalism, not that I’m prejudice. A shop can get the vehicle on a lift to look for hidden damage. They can also provide you with a list of services the vehicle is due for, any that are upcoming and items that might need to be watched. You want the shop to be as objective and critical as they can. They won’t be able to see inside the engine or transmission but they’ll be able to at least get a feel for how well these are functioning.

Now it’s time to start negotiating a price with the owner. DON’T EVER FORGET THIS FIRST RULE: DON’T FALL IN LOVE WITH THE CAR!!! If you just have to have this vehicle you may as well give the guy his asking price and drive away. Nobody lists a vehicle for the price he’s really willing to take, there’s always some wiggle room. Nitpick it a little but don’t be rude. If you did your homework you’ll know what people are asking for these cars and what they’re worth. A little conversation might help you find how badly he needs to be rid of it as well. I mean, who sells a perfectly good Rusty Ivan anyway? If the seller needs the money quickly you can use that to your advantage. It’s not being mean, it’s just business. You need a car, he needs money. Don’t be afraid to walk away if the deal isn’t right but be sure to leave your number in case there’s a change of heart.

Finally, close the deal. Shake hands and exchange title for money. I don’t know how they do it in other states but a signed and notarized title is all you need to give the MVD. Check the front of the title to see if there are any lien holders. That would mean that there is money owed against the vehicle and they need to sign off on the title as well. If this is the case don’t spend a lot of time hassling with it, go find another car. Title problems are a pain. Don’t ask me how I know.

OK, now it’s yours. Go play bumper tag on the freeway!

From your Local Mechanics, All Tune and Lube Total Car Care Tempe. Complete auto repair and maintenance.

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Devils’ Highway/Coronado Trail Road Trip Tempe

Screen Shot 2015-07-30 at 11.21.32 AMHow about an article about one of my favorite road trips? At All Tune and Lube in Tempe I’m often surprised by the number of our customer who live here in the best of the United States but have never been outside of the major cities, sometimes not even out of the valley! Here’s a road trip that I really enjoy and I hope you’ll try.

Once upon a time there was a road called State Route 666, The Devils’ Highway. Spooky sounding , huh? Superstitious folks complained and the road signs were stolen faster than ADOT could replace them so the state finally gave up and in 1993 changed the road designation to US Route 191. The Coronado Trail is a road that runs along the eastern side of Arizona from Clifton to Eager. It’s listed as being 123 miles long but the best part of it is about 88 miles. Clifton is at an elevation of about 3500 feet and the road tops out at an elevation of something near 9,000 feet then drops down the north side of the mountains to Eager at an elevation of 7,000 feet. It’s a great road in a sports car or a sport bike but also just to cruise, just watch for folks cruising a bit more quickly than you are. With that much elevation change you can bet there are a number of changes in topography and a ton of turns! Turns! More than 525 of them! There are wide, flat sweepers, decreasing radius left handers, slightly off-camber turns, turns over crests and through slight depressions. The road sees very little traffic, the asphalt is in beautiful condition and the views are amazing. Of course I would advise anyone who travels this road to obey all traffic laws. : )

To get there you take Hwy 60 East to Globe then grab Hwy 70 East. Just past Safford you’ll turn north on Hwy 191 to Clifton. Outside of Clifton as you start heading up the mountain you’ll see the Morenci Mine on your right. As you get to a cut just past the overlook for the mine there is very often a small herd of bighorn sheep that hang out on the left side of the road. They don’t seem to be concerned about cars and people at all and it’s very cool indeed! As you continue uphill you get out of the typical high desert brush and cactus and start seeing more oak and sycamore then in to pines and aspen. Toward the top there’s an overlook to the west with views of the Mogollon Rim. The front side has most of the tighter turns, as you drop down the back side toward Alpine and Eager the turns loosen up a bit and tend to get flatter. Once you get to Alpine and the intersection of Hwy 180 most of the really fun driving is done but the scenery is still amazing. Stop in Alpine and get something to eat just because it’s a beautiful place to be.

To get back down to the valley just continue on Hwy 180 to Eager and Springerville and get on Hwy 60 west through Show low and Globe.

It’s a long day trip or a great two day run. Just do it!

From your local mechanics, All Tune and Lube Total Car Care Tempe. Complete auto repair and maintenance.

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